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Chapter 21 - 3 Life with Carbon (pg. 679 - 681)
Right side
Vocabulary
   carbohydrate-
   glucose-
   digestion-
   starch-


1.Carbohydrates-
    A.  Carbo- = carbon
    B.  -hydrate = combined with water
2.Nutrients-
    A.  Substance that provides the energy for the body
    B.  Most nutrients are:   
        1.  Polymers
        2.  Organic compounds
3. Classes of polymers
    A.  Carbohydrate
    B.  Lipids
    C.  Proteins
    D. nucleic acids
4.Carbohydrates
    A.Simple
        1.  Fruit sugar = fructose
        2.  Milk = lactose
        3.  Cells = glucose
        4. Glucose = “blood sugar”
            A.  diabetes
    B. 2 formulas for sugar
        1. C6H12O6
        2. C12H22O11
    C.  Complex   
        1.  Made of long chain of simple carbohydrates
        2.  Starch
        3.  Cellulose
5. Assemble sugars into polymers   
    A.simple sugar = monosaccharide
    B.  2 simple sugar sugars = disaccharide
    C. large # of simple sugars = polysaccharide

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Summary-



Chapter 21 - 3 (part 2)
Right side
Vocabulary
   lipid-
   fatty acid-
   protein-
   nucleic acid-

1. Proteins
    A. Where can you find them in your body?
        1. Hair, muscles, skin, fingernails, etc.
    B. amino acids
        1.  Monomers in a protein molecule
        2. 20 different kinds of amino acids
    C.  Food proteins
        1.  Meat, fish, eggs and milk and milk products, beans, nuts
2. Lipids
    A.  Energy-rich polymers
    B.  Lipids include
        1.  Fats, oils, waxes and cholesterol
    C.  Sources of lipids
        1. Butter, vegetable oil, fats on meats, nuts, bacon, olive oil, etc.
3. Nucleic acids
    A.  Very large organic compound
    B.  Deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid
    C.  Sources of nucleic acids
        1.  Any living thing (depends on how much it was cooked)
        2.  Includes fruits and vegetables
4. Vitamins (in foods and supplements)
    A.  Helper molecules
        1.  Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) keeps skin and gums healthy
        2.  Vitamin D helps develop bones and teeth and keeps them strong
5.Minerals
    A. needed by your body
    B.  Not organic compounds
    C.  You get your needed minerals from the foods you eat as long as you eat healthy foods!
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Summary-


Left side
Table (what category doe the following foods fall into?  (lipid, protein, carbohydrate, or nucleic acid) They call be in more than one category.
(create a table - handout in class)
potato chips
butter
lettuce
peanut butter
refried beans
noodles
fish
french fries
vegetable oil
broccoli
mushrooms
saltine crackers
bread
red cabbage
milk
chicken
cottage cheese
cheese
snickers bar
apples
carrots
onions